2011-2012 Basic and Clinical Science Course, Section 8: by James J. Reidy MD

By James J. Reidy MD

Discusses the constitution and serve as of the cornea and exterior eye and reports correct exam options. Covers infectious and ocular floor illnesses, problems and surgical procedure of the ocular floor, immune-mediated and neoplastic issues, congenital anomalies and degenerations. A lately up-to-date bankruptcy at the genetics of corneal dystrophies displays the hot IC3D category. Discusses poisonous and annoying accidents and corneal transplantation. includes many new colour pictures. lately revised 2010 2011.

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Extra resources for 2011-2012 Basic and Clinical Science Course, Section 8: External Disease and Cornea (Basic & Clinical Science Course)

Sample text

They differ in several ways, but, in general, the TSCM provides a shallower depth of field and better anterior-posterior localization and reconstruction. The SSCM is more user-fri endly and, as a result, is the most used technique. The LSCM provides the highest resolution: to approximately 1- 2 ~m (Fig 2-2 1). Cavanagh HD, Petro!! WM, Jester IV. Confocal microscopy. In: Krachmer JH, Ma nn is MJ, Holland EJ, eds. Cornea. 2nd ed. Voll. Ph iladelphia: Elsevier/Mosby; 2005:283-297. Ch iou AG, Kaufma n SC, Kaufman HE, Beuerma n RW.

Merid 00 '" '" "'. " " " .. , . 54 mm OS '" '" "" .... '31 S Figure 2-29 Keratography of a patient with pellucid marginal degeneration . The "crab claw" appeara nce is fully developed , with ce ntral flattening and inferior steepening; forme fruste keratoconus may have a similar but less definite appearance . ) CHAPTE,R 2: Exa mination Techniques for the External Eye and Corn ea. 45 sensitivity to focus errors tear-film effects distortions area of coverage (central and limbal) nonstandardized data maps colors that may be absolute or varied (normalized) Corbett MC, O' Brart DPS, Rosen E, et a1.

Necrotizing stromal keratitis is a severe form of infiltrate without the liquefaction associated with suppuration. The various morphologic changes of corneal infl ammation, categorized by the principal clinical features, aid in differential diagnosis (Table 2-3). Endothelial dysfunction often accompanies corneal stromal inflammation and contributes to epithelial and stromal edema. Swollen endothelial cells called inflammatory pseudoguttae are visible by specular reflection as dark areas of the normal mosaic pattern.

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