A brief introduction to the Semitic languages by Aaron D. Rubin

By Aaron D. Rubin

With a written background of approximately 5 thousand years, the Semitic languages include one of many international s earliest attested and longest attested households. popular family members comprise Arabic, Hebrew, Aramaic, Amharic, and Akkadian. This quantity offers an outline of this significant language relations, together with either historic and smooth languages. After a quick creation to the historical past of the kinfolk and its inner category, next chapters disguise themes in phonology, morphology, syntax, and lexicon.Each bankruptcy describes good points which are attribute of the Semitic language family members as a complete, in addition to many of the extra remarkable advancements that ensue within the person languages. this offers either a typological review and an outline of extra certain beneficial properties. The chapters comprise ample examples from various languages. the entire examples contain morpheme by means of morpheme glosses, in addition to translations, which assist in making those examples transparent and obtainable even to these no longer conversant in a given language. Concluding the publication is a close consultant to extra analyzing, which directs the reader to crucial reference instruments and secondary literature, and an up to date bibliography.This short creation encompasses a wealthy number of information, and covers issues no longer commonly present in brief sketches resembling this. The readability of presentation makes it helpful not just to these within the box of Semitic linguistics, but in addition to the final linguist or language fanatic who needs to profit whatever approximately this significant language kinfolk.

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Aquilina, Joseph. 1976. Maltese Linguistic Surveys. Msida, Malta: University of Malta. Arnold, Werner. 1 989-91. Das Neuwestaramiiische. 5 vols. Wies­ baden: Harrassowitz. Arc, Jussi. 1977. Pronunciation of the "Emphatic" Consonants in Semitic Languages. Studia Orientalia 47:5-1 8. Asbaghi, Asya. 1988. Persische Lehnworter im Arabischen. Wies­ baden: Harrassowitz. Bar-Asher, Elitzur A. 2007. The Origin and Typology of the Pat­ tern Qtil li in Syriac and Babylonian Aramaic. ] In Sha'arei Lashon: Studies in Hebrew, Aramaic, and Jewish Languages Presented to Moshe Bar-Asher, ed.

This prefix derives from qafid, a participial form of the verb 'sit'. ' (Abu-Haidar 1991) In some NENA dialects, including the Jewish dialect of Sule­ maniyya, a present indicative is marked by a prefix k-_ This de­ rives from an earlier prefix qa-J used in older dialects of Aramaic to mark a continuous or habitual present, which ultimately de­ rives from a form qdlem, a participial form of the verb 'stand'. In most Ethiopian languages, the inherited non-past form can be combined with a form of the verb 'be'_ This compound form indicates the non-past in a main clause, while the inher­ ited, simple non-past is used in subordinate or negative clauses.

SG yesterday 'the man that you saw yesterday' (Abdel-Massih et al. 1). 4,11 SUBORDINATE CLAUSES Subordinate clauses in the Semitic languages can be marked ei­ ther by an explicit conjunction, or, less often, by special syntac­ tic constructions using nominalized verbal forms. We find temporal (103), conditional (104), and causal (105) subordinat­ ing conjunctions, among other types. ' (Leslau 1995) We also find subordinate clauses indicated by means of a prepo­ sition plus an infinitive or a verbal noun (106-107).

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