By James G. Carrier
For greater than a century, anthropologists have studied the commercial lives and associations of individuals around the globe. the result of their examine and mirrored image on economic climate have regularly stayed in the self-discipline and feature no longer been on hand in an available shape to a broader readership. This significant reference ebook is meant to right this. This targeted guide comprises significant and necessary precis discussions of labor on monetary techniques and matters, and at the courting among monetary and non-economic components of lifestyles. in addition it describes conceptual orientations which are very important between fiscal anthropologists, and offers summaries of key concerns within the anthropological learn of monetary lifestyles in numerous areas of the realm. Its scope and accessibility make it important either to those that have an interest in a selected subject and to people who are looking to see the breadth and fruitfulness of an anthropological examine of economics. Economists from a variety of fields and views - from heterodox to classical, and from business economics to fiscal psychology and sociology - will locate a lot to interact them inside of this interesting guide, as will anthropologists attracted to the numerous statements by way of senior figures within the box. these taken with improvement tasks will locate this a useful reference paintings with which to achieve larger figuring out of and perception into the explanations for people’s financial actions and judgements. The concise remedies of subject matters will offer valuable instructing aids and reference for additional interpreting via students in any respect degrees of research.
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Extra resources for A Handbook Of Economic Anthropology (Elgar Original Reference)
1967b. Traditional production in primitive African economies. ) G. Dalton. Garden City, NY: Natural History Press. Dalton, G. 1968. Introduction. ) G. Dalton. : Beacon. 24 A handbook of economic anthropology Dalton, G. 1981. Comment on ‘Symposium: economic anthropology and history: the work of Karl Polanyi’. Research in Economic Anthropology 3: 69–93. Dalton, G. 1990. Writings that clarify theoretical disputes over Karl Polanyi’s work. ) K. Polanyi-Levitt. Montreal: Black Rose Books. Dalton, G.
Because the formalists focused upon choice, which is always individual, their approach necessarily entailed methodological individualism. The substantivists, on the other hand, focused upon the institutional matrix in which choice occurs (see Cancian 1966: 466). Maximisation was a key concept for the formalists, as microeconomic models assumed that the economic choices made by individuals were intended to maximise, or at least optimise, utility. Substantivists, on the other hand, dismissed maximisation as irrelevant or inapplicable to a truly comparative economics.
In assessing Polanyi’s legacy, it is important to look beyond anthropology. In the first place, he was an economic historian or political economist, not an anthropologist. Second, his goal was to improve the human condition by overcoming the deleterious precipitates of capitalism (especially fascism and economic depression), not to contribute to the growth of academic disciplines (see Goldfrank 1990). In other words, he used anthropology and classical studies only as vehicles to reach larger ends.