Adverbials and the Phase Model (Linguistik Aktuell by Petr Biskup

By Petr Biskup

This monograph addresses matters, stages and adverbials. It proposes that there's a correlation among the section constitution, the tripartite quantificational constitution and the knowledge constitution of the sentence. This correlation performs a big function not just in referential and information-structural houses of arguments and the verb but in addition in adverbial homes. for example, the examine indicates that yes sentence adverbials can take place within the sentence-final place within the vice president part once they signify the intense worth with recognize to the set of concentration possible choices. The proposed correlation additionally turns into very important in anaphoric relatives with appreciate to adjuncts. simply an R-expression spelled out and interpreted within the CP part of an accessory clause can corefer with the coindexed pronoun. The examine additionally discusses adverbial ordering and exhibits that the relative order of sure adverbials will be reversed in the event that they ensue in numerous stages. The monograph will entice syntacticians and linguists attracted to the connection among syntax and its interfaces.

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Pavel je doma? ’ b. ) Pavel [vP ráno přinesl to rádio]. ’ přinesl]. c. ’ In example (22b), the object rádio ‘radio’ stays in its external merge position in the vP phase. g. g. in Diesing (1997)). This seems to be true only for pronouns. It can be a consequence of the fact that the referent of pronouns, unlike definite DPs, is maximally salient in the discourse (Roberts 2003). Although there is a general tendency for definite DPs to be backgrounded, they in fact can also be interpreted as focused.

However, sentence (34) – which is scopally ambiguous – can receive an interpretation where the object scopes over the adverbial, concretely: At least for one of the proposed books it is true that Pavel reads it every day. 29 This sentence seemingly argues against the proposal that arguments overtly moved out of vP are interpreted as specific/definite because the object (book) is indefinite. In fact, we deal with partitive specificity in this case. , the proposed books, and Pavel reads some of them.

The specific interpretation of a DP in situ arises when it is QR-ed and bound in the CP phase. Under the copy theory of movement, it means that the upper copy is interpreted in the restrictive clause at the semantic interface and the lower copy is spelled out and interpreted as focused. The existential interpretation of a DP arises when the variable introduced by the DP is not inherently bound. To achieve the binding of free variables in vP, the domain is closed off by the existential closure. Thus, in this case, the appropriate DP is both spelled out and interpreted in the vP phase.

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