By Dennis W. Cox
Each felony act wherever that contains acquiring cash illegally produces money which have to be laundered. The IMF estimates that 2-5% of world GDP ($590bn and $1.5 trillion) is laundered each year - $590bn is the similar of Spain's every year output. Globally, laws have are available which have an effect on definite companies, specially banks and different monetary associations. those companies were required to install position particular preparations to avoid and observe funds laundering and the criminality that underlies it. As cash launderers have resorted to extra subtle methods of disguising the resource in their money, so staff must be ever extra conscious of what they're facing, and the way to accommodate it. * at the present books on cash laundering deterrence are inclined to specialize in the exact rules and consequently don't offer a lot within the kind of useful suggestion and counsel. The books additionally are inclined to examine funds laundering rules from a unmarried point of view - say that of the united kingdom. * laws calls for enterprises to supply all proper staff with enough education on that laws, and to know and deal properly with transactions the place funds laundering is suspected. * This e-book will examine a chain of varieties of cash laundering, clarify how they're used and what controls, if any, may be utilized by an establishment to guard itself. * What should still make a banker suspicious, how could suspicion seem to a courtroom or regulator, and what is going to the influence be on controls and reputational chance.
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Additional info for An Introduction to Money Laundering Deterrence. Dennis Cox (Securities Institute)
In this section we provide some brief details of the Directive, but for full information you will still need to refer to the Directive itself. Scope of the Directive Paragraph 8 of the guidance in the Directive extends the purpose of scope of the Directive to also combat the financing of terrorism. As such it is picking up the 9 Special Recommendations that FATF issued in the aftermath of September 11. As with any EU directive there is a clear political element and in this case the Directive states that the misuse of the financial system to channel criminal or even clean money to terrorist purposes represents a clear risk to the integrity, proper functioning, reputation and stability of the financial system.
This could result in the financial institution having less personal knowledge of the customer than would previously have been the case. The use of the internet, for example, could be one such mechanism. If the financial institution is not likely to arrange for one of its employees to actually meet the client then they do face the issue that recognising the customer from a picture is almost impossible. Consequently personal identification is harder. It may also be harder to get information about the customer that can be independently verified.
C) Dealers in precious metals and dealers in precious stones – for transactions with customers equal to or above the applicable designated threshold. (d) Lawyers, notaries, other independent legal professionals and accountants when they prepare for or carry out transactions for their client concerning the following activities: ᭺ buying and selling of real estate; ᭺ managing of client money, securities or other assets; ᭺ management of bank, savings or securities accounts; ᭺ organisation of contributions for the creation, operation or management of companies; INTERNATIONAL MONEY LAUNDERING REGULATION 25 creation, operation or management of legal persons or arrangements, and buying and selling of business entities.