Animal Behavior: An Introduction to Behavioral Mechanisms, by Mark Ridley

By Mark Ridley

This vintage textbook is a concise introductory consultant to the topic of animal habit. The ebook is equipped through first construction the four-cornered foundations of the topic, then relocating larger. In a very well-organized development, the coed is bring about an figuring out of the fundamental issues, defined in logical self-contained devices. every one bankruptcy ends with feedback for extra examining. during this moment version, the insurance of mechanisms of habit is way accelerated, as is the cloth on evolution and usual choice. The bankruptcy on improvement comprises a lot of the recent paintings on studying and reminiscence, specially song-learning in birds. certainly in the course of the e-book, examples are drawn from contemporary ground-breaking study.

  • The most recent version of the textbook of selection in animal behaviour
  • Extremely good illustrated and together with many vintage pictures by means of Niko Tinbergen
  • Uniquely well matched as an introductory textual content - designed for scholar use with a transparent and logical association based on self-contained units

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Extra info for Animal Behavior: An Introduction to Behavioral Mechanisms, Development, and Ecology

Example text

2 are mainly inferred from morphological and molecular evidence. 2: the birds, amphibians, and echinoderms. Two of them (birds and amphibians) resemble each other more closely in their molecular structure and their morphology (for example, they possess a hollow dorsal nerve chord, a backbone, and segmented muscles), than either does with the third group (the echinoderms, the group that includes starfish). We can infer that the birds and the amphibians share a more recent common ancestor with each other than either does with the echinoderms by the following argument.

Just as anatomical units, such as the limb bones, can be traced from the fins of fish to their very different form in the legs of birds and reptiles, so can the evolutionary changes of behavior be traced by comparison among species. It is sometimes difficult-or even impossible-to discover the direction of the changes through evolutionary time, but inferences can be made by the same techniques as are used with anatomical evolution. In either case, the nature, if not the direction, of change can be worked out.

But the division into exteroceptors, enteroceptors, and proprioceptors is not the only possible classification. Another possibility is to divide sensory systems into those that sense chemical, electromagnetic, and mechanical energy. Taste and smell are both chemical senses (as are many of the enteroceptors), hearing and touch are both mechanical senses, and vision is an electromagnetic sense. 51 S2 ANIMAL BEHAVIOR There is no one "best" classification, and different classifications are useful for different purposes.

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